Headaches are one of the most commonly reported symptoms. The symptom has a variety of types and is caused due to various reasons. Most headaches are not too serious; however, a hangover, stress, falling, cold or the “brain freeze” resulting due to consuming ice-cream are be alarming. Headaches reveal early signs that something could be going wrong inside the body.
Possible Cause 1: Giant Cell Arteritis
GCA (Giant Cell Arteritis) is inflammation of blood vessels. It mainly strikes people of older age. Vessels are most affected in the head and scalp area, which helps clarify the existence of pain. It strikes people above 60 years of age in form of throbbing, persistent headache mainly near the eyes or at the temple. Other possible symptoms of the condition are sweating, loss of energy, blurred vision, jaw pain and weakness, and increased lymph nodes.
Possible Cause 2: Overuse of Medication
A lot of people suffer from headaches due to mismanagement of medication of earlier headaches. In such conditions, people start taking prescription or over-the-counter medicines for a tension headache or episodic headache. As a result, the headache does not go away. The best way out is to consult your doctor and ask for a prescription medicine according to the exact reason of having headaches.
Possible Cause 3: Depression
Headaches are also caused due to anxiety, depression stress and worry. According to the American Headache Society, around 18% of migraine patients suffer from depression. If you are suffering from headaches for over years and months and not responding to pain relievers as well, you could be suffering from depression.
Possible Cause 4: Dehydration
The initial signs of dehydration are fatigue, thirst, headache, and weakness. Electrolyte imbalance and changes in the flow of blood also cause dehydration headaches. Dehydration could worsen when you bend, move or walk even at the slightest speed. It can affect people of all ages; however, patients of dementia and older people are more likely to suffer from it because they are not able to comprehend the body’s signal for thirst easily. It is always advised that the caretakers of older people and dementia patients should keep extra fluids especially in hot weather.
Possible Cause 5: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
COPD is an integration of chronic obstructive bronchitis and emphysema. It is usually caused due to lung damage as a result of smoking. Headaches caused due to COPD are not very painful compared to its other symptoms. However, patients should notice the intensity of headaches in the morning. They could be worst because you are unable to breathe properly at night, which results in the buildup of carbon dioxide. This condition enlarges the blood vessels in your brain which causes headaches. Patients, who constantly experience such conditions and are smokers or have been exposed to lung irritants are suggested to see their doctors.